Empiricism entails working in a fact-based, experience-based, and evidence-based approach. Scrum is an empirical process that measures progress based on real-world observations rather than artificial goals. To achieve business and organisational agility, Scrum also emphasises a transformation in mindset and culture.
The following are the three pillars of empiricism:
Transparency: It entails presenting the facts as they are. In their day-to-day interactions with others, everyone involved—the customer, the CEO, individual contributors—is transparent. They all have faith in one another and the bravery to keep each other informed of both good and terrible news. Everyone aims for the shared corporate goal and works together to achieve it, and no one has a secret agenda.
Inspection: In this context, the inspection does not relate to a review by an inspector or auditor, but rather to a review by the entire Scrum Team. The product, procedures, personnel characteristics, practices, and continual improvements can all be inspected. For example, at the end of each Sprint, the team displays the product to the client openly and transparently in order to receive meaningful feedback. If the customer’s requirements change throughout the inspection, the team does not complain; instead, it adjusts by working with the customer to define the requirements and test out the new hypothesis.
Adaptation: In this context, adaptation refers to ongoing progress and the ability to adapt based on inspection results. This is a question that everyone in the organisation must ask themselves on a daily basis: Are we better off now than we were yesterday? The worth of profit-driven enterprises is expressed in terms of profit. Faster time to market, increased return on investment through value-based delivery decreased total cost of ownership through improved software quality, and improved customer and staff happiness are all benefits of adopting Agile. Scrum succeeds because it conforms to the fundamental Agile principles of iterative, value-based incremental delivery by often obtaining customer feedback and embracing change, not because it includes three roles, five events, and three artefacts. This leads to a shorter time to market, improved delivery predictability, more customer responsiveness, the capacity to pivot by managing changing priorities, higher software quality, and better risk management.